Oops! What an excellent concept. Nowadays in software filed any latest language has implemented, it should be partially are fully supported this oops concept. OOPs, let c with real time examples. Six important factors are using this concept are,
1.Class, 2.Objects, 3.Abstractions, 4.Encapsulation, 5.Polymorphism, and 6.Inheritance.
1. Car Vs Class
Car: Collection of several properties like staring, break, clutch, etc each things are used for particular purpose, all these properties are differ from each car like some car have power staring ,however we have called it’s a car.
Class: it’s a collection of functions and variables. The functions and variables are differing from each class. Each function is used for particular purpose however we have called it’s a class
2. Car Key Vs Object
Car Key: key is used for run the car. So many dummy keys can use for run a car.
Object: Object is used for run the class or invokes the class. So many objects can create for a single class.
3. Birds Vs Abstractions
Birds: we invented flight based on the mechanism of Birds. So flight is derived form the base of birds.
Abstraction: Abstraction is a way to remove the association of the behavior of an object with the actual details behind the scenes which implement that object’s behavior. This ‘abstraction’ is usually accomplished through the use of base classes with virtual functions; each derived function provides the details that implement the behavior behind that abstraction.
4. Pen Vs Encapsulation
Pen: Ink is the important component in pen but it is hiding by some other material
Encapsulation: is a process of binding or wrapping the data and the codes that operates on the data into a single entity. This keeps the data safe from outside interface and misuse. One way to think about encapsulation is as a protective wrapper that prevents code and data from being arbitrarily accessed by other code defined outside the wrapper.
5. Crocodile Vs Polymorphism
Crocodile: live indifferently on land or in the water. In water it’s Moment very fast compare to land. An animal lives in different character in different place.
Polymorphism: a single function or single operator has different character in different place.
6. Human heredity Vs Inheritance